Header Ads

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prevention

Malaria is an infectious disease. It has been known in human society since ancient times. The outbreak of this disease varies throughout the year. Every year, malaria takes a devastating form among the population and some people die.

The disease is prevalent due to a number of factors including special geographical location, floods, unplanned drainage, migration etc. Therefore, everyone should be especially vigilant and aware to control and eradicate this disease.

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prevention

How is malaria caused?

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasitic bacterium called Plasmodium and transmitted by mosquitoes. Only female mosquitoes of the genus Epilepsy can transmit malaria. The malaria parasite completes its life cycle through mosquitoes and humans. Females need blood before laying eggs. When a mosquito drinks blood from a malaria patient, the malaria bacteria enter the mosquito's body along with the blood.

About two weeks after the air, the bacterium completes its sexual life and becomes able to spread malaria. These mosquitoes also release malaria bacteria into the body of a healthy person when they drink the blood. The asexual life of the bacterium in a healthy person is complete and the person becomes infected with malaria within about two to three weeks.

Not all mosquitoes that come out in the evening transmit malaria as we think. Malaria is transmitted by some species of Anopheles mosquitoes. This mosquito usually appears at night. This mosquito usually sits on the wall of the house at a 45 degree angle.

Symptoms of malaria

Malaria usually has three stages of symptoms.

1. Cold stage: This stage starts with fever, chills and headache. The patient wants to wear warm clothes. This condition can last from 15 minutes to 1 hour.

2. Fever: In this condition, the fever is so high that the patient feels very hot and throws away his clothes. The patient has severe headache.

3. Sweaty condition: In this condition, the patient sweats heavily and the fever decreases.

There are four types of malaria in the world. There are three common types of malaria in some countries. In some places, there are two types of malaria. These two types are - i) Vivax malaria: This disease does not kill the patient. ii) Falciferum malaria: This disease causes serious symptoms. If not treated immediately, the patient may die within 2-3 days.

Among the health schemes in India, several schemes have been developed to address malaria. The first scheme was the National Malaria Control Scheme in 1953 and the Malaria Eradication Scheme in 1958. In 1965, the number of malaria cases in the country reached 100,000 and the mortality rate reached zero. Unfortunately, in 1994/95, malaria again became an epidemic and killed many people in Assam, Rajasthan, Manipur and Nagaland.

The scheme is currently renamed as National Vector-borne Disease Control Scheme (NVBDCP).

The following measures are taken to prevent malaria:-

1) DDT is sprayed inside people's homes, especially bedrooms. Therefore, if the mosquitoes sit down to rest in the area, they will die after applying the DDT. This is how to prevent the spread of malaria. DDT sprayed on the walls remains effective for about one and a half months if not removed.

2. Use pillows at night. The health department is doing pillow medicine. Once herbalized, it lasts for 6 months.

3. House-to-house screening for malaria patients and full treatment of such patients to eliminate the human reservoir of infection.

With this objective in mind, malaria or health field workers go from house to house, collect blood from patients with fever or who have had fever within a week and send the blood to the Primary Health Center or State Hospital for testing and distribute medicines free of cost.

Sleeping outside, not spraying pesticides on the walls and not using pillows are the main causes of malaria spread. Scattered spraying of DDT does not kill the mosquitoes but only allows them to enter the house. This causes the spread of malaria.

Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prevention

Malaria medicines are available free of cost in every hospital, primary health centre, doctor's office, sub-health center and "ASHA" across the country.

Diagnostic tools "RDK" and slide tests have been provided to the village "Asha" for immediate treatment of people with fever. There are also all the medicines needed for malaria.

Spray DDT indoors: Spraying DDT indoors prevents mosquitoes from entering. Once sprayed, DDT lasts for 2.5 months. After absorbing human blood, Anopheles mosquitoes cannot fly and rest on the inner wall. If DDT is on the walls of the house at that time, the DDT will enter the mosquito's body and the mosquito will not survive. This is how malaria transmission can be prevented. Remember, do not spray DDT outside the house, in the barn. This is because spraying DDT outside allows mosquitoes to enter the house and spread the disease.

The schemes have been implemented to promote health, education and awareness among the people. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment. This measure can save patients from death and prevent malaria transmission. Every person in society should take this seriously by thinking about themselves and their loved ones. "Malaria prevention is the responsibility of every person in society"

Malaria can be controlled by preventing mosquito breeding, proper treatment of the patient and personal protection from mosquito bites.

Warnings: i) Consent to spray DDT in your home.

ii) Sleep under a mosquito net to avoid mosquito bites.

1. How can malaria be controlled?

2. What is the prevention of malaria?

3. What is Japanese encephalitis?

Visit this site to learn more about these. I hope you all benefit.

Thank you everyone

No comments

Powered by Blogger.